The ketogenic diet is a low carb, moderate protein, and high-fat diet which puts the body into a metabolic state known as ketosis. It is also the most trending diet in the world of health and nutrition today.
How it works
You’re probably wondering how it all works. Well, once your body is in a state of ketosis, the liver produces ketones which become the main energy source for the body. Decreasing your intake of carbs causes the body to look for an alternative energy source and your body enters a metabolic state known as ketosis. It produces ketones which occur from the breakdown of fat in the liver.
Liver and/or Heart Problems
However, there’s a catch. A high-fat diet that discourages fruit consumption and your daily intake of veggies has to come with some risk. The recommended timeline for sticking with keto is only two to three months for this reason. Some research suggests that following the ketogenic diet long-term may increase the risk for liver- or heart-related problems in people already susceptible to these conditions. Your genetics and medical history can also play a role in whether keto is safe for you.
Organ Functions Impaired
Glucose is the main source of fuel for the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and certain bodily tissues — and carbohydrates are a key source of glucose.
People on the keto diet run the risk of not having enough glucose in their bodies due to the diet's restriction of carbohydrates. When this happens, the body will begin to take protein from the muscles. This will decrease the building, repair, and functioning of the body and its vital organs, such as the heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys.
Speedy Heart Rate
On any low carb diet, it is common for your heart rate to become slightly elevated. This is usually due to dehydration because the buildup of ketones in the blood makes it too acidic and causes dehydration. However, people with a history of arrhythmias should consult a doctor before starting the keto diet as the diet may provoke an arrhythmic episode. This can also cause dry mouth (or cottonmouth).
Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies
The keto diet heavily limits your daily intake of vegetables and strongly discourages the consumption of fruit. Fruits and veggies are one of the healthiest sources of fiber, essential nutrients, and antioxidants. Your body craves these to function to its fullest potential.
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